Monday, 1 September 2014

Echogenic foci on cardiac scan in a surrogate baby

Echogenic foci on cardiac scan, can be a clue to chromosomal abnormality or it  can just be a benign finding. It is  seen in downs syndrome ,but  we are ruling out that possibility by looking for other small findings called soft markers on scan .
This is a surrogate baby and since there is history of abnormalities in the past ,there is a risk factor . Clinical assessment of risk factors are important ,especially maternal age .
Other test like triple marker / quadruple marker / NACE etc can be done to get more information .
Amniocentesis can be done by taking fluid around baby and doing genetic study on those cells .

The white dot seen in the middle of cardiac shadow is the Echogenic foci and is detected in 5% of scans 

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